Ankle sprains are caused by an unnatural twisting or force on the ankle bones of the foot, which may result in excessive stretching or tearing of one or more ligaments on the outside of the ankle. The severity of the sprain can impact the degree of damage as well as the type and duration of treatment. Often times when the ankle is sprained, a small bone called the cuboid bone on the outside of the foot will also become subluxated. When this occurs, there is pain when attempting to push off on the foot. Should you have these symptoms or unusual swelling on the outside of the foot after twisting the ankle, you should call us immediately so that this will not progress into a chronic condition.
Primary symptoms of ankle sprains are pain following a twist or injury, swelling, and bruising.
Treatment includes resting and elevating the ankle and applying ice to reduce swelling. Compressive bandages and taping also may be used to immobilize and support the injury during healing. Serious ankle sprains, particularly among competitive athletes, may require surgery to repair and tighten the damaged ligaments.
To prevent ankle sprains, try to maintain strength, balance, and flexibility in the foot and ankle through exercise and stretching, and wearing well-fitted shoes. In some cases, orthotics are helpful to maintain the alignment of the ankle joint.
If the ankle fails to responds to conservative therapy surgical intervention there are many surgical options, many of which can be performed through small incisions. Ankle arthroscopy, ligament reconstruction to restore stability or grafting of the cartilage are available to get the ankle back moving again.